Authentic Walk Ministries


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ACTS SEMINARIES

WHERE PATHS MEET:

 

DISCIPLESHIP AND THE INTERNET

 

 

 

BY

 

CHRISTOPHER A. PRIEBE

 

 

 

NOV  2003

 

 

 

Outline

 

I.        Introduction

II.     An Example of Internet Based Discipleship

A.     Leaders Leaving Trails to Follows

B.     Students Leaving Notes to See

C.     Communities Walking Together

III.   A Model of Biblical Discipleship

A.     Getting in the Boat

B.     Putting out to Sea

C.     Stepping back on Land

IV.  Conclusion


 

 

Introduction

 

Over two thousand years ago God left Heaven and walked with man.  During this time he called twelve disciples and asked them to walk with Him.  As they walked He taught them, not just with words but with His entire life.  For 3 years they lived together and when it was over the religious leaders of the day looked at these unschooled, ordinary men and “took note that these men had been with Jesus.” (Acts 4:13)  Three year earlier they had set out on a journey and now they came back changed – empowered with a mission of their own, “Go into all the world and make disciples…” (Mt 28:19)  Over time this ever growing family of disciples formed monasteries, seminaries, books, television programs and churches.  Although the mediums have changed the principle has not – “I am walking with Jesus, do you care to walk with me for a while?”

At the heart of discipleship is a community that journeys together with the great teacher Jesus and learns along the way.  Since this community is spread over the entire world I suggest the Internet offers one more way for members of the global Christian community to walk together.  The Internet is not the Community but one of many trails the Community walks upon.  The Community are all those who walk with Jesus; who, although spread throughout the world, are connected through the same Holy Spirit.

 

Part 1: An Example of Internet Discipleship

            In the summer of 1997 my brother introduced me to the Internet.  In those days the Internet was still somewhat young (and since it has not fully taken shape I would argue still is) and one of my first thoughts was, “I wonder how this could be used for God?”   So I sat down and I began to write a series of lessons on how to grow spiritually in the same way that one would write a devotional.    But if discipleship is walking together then writing a book is more like leaving footprints and trail markers for others to follow which unfortunately is not walking very close to each other.  I still had much to learn about bringing discipleship ministries to the Internet.

In 1999 I graduated from Bible School and started a youth ministry in Kamloops, BC.  I began to disciple my students early Sunday morning and I watched them interact with the questions, with me and with each other.  I took those notes and I added them to the web, but this time instead of just leaving a trail for others to follow I invited my internet students to write their own comments.  Now it looked more like people walking together but in reality it was more like they came up behind me and left sticky notes on the trail – “Look to the right to see a great view of the mountain.”

            By this time I had decided on the name “Authentic Walk Ministries” and had secured the domain name www.authenticwalk.com.  Once again I rebuilt the entire site and I focused on making a clearly defined program where the students would study seven core topics (What is the Gospel, Overcoming Temptation, Prayer, Solitude, Worship, Service, Study and Community).  Students had to read through all the notes, respond to them, put them into practice using any of the suggested activities, and then rewrite them for their own care groups, youth groups or Sunday School groups.  When they completed these steps they could apply to become a leader of Authentic Walk Ministries.  During this time Authentic Walk grew from 700 students to the 1853 students we have today.  However, only forty-eight students have reached Level 2 where they reread the notes in a deeper fashion, fourteen are on Level 3 where they are rewriting the notes and two have become leaders.   My conclusion is that either the majority of Christians online are not looking for a full discipleship program and only want weekly emails to supplement their growth or our current system is not structured to invite them into Community – most likely it is a bit of both.

            Two interesting changes have happened in the above version of Authentic Walk’s web ministry.  First of all. whenever a student submits a response a leader looks at it and personally responds to it.  Perhaps one of my greatest joys is to see students who came and their first responses where sloppy, not very thought through and sometimes very condemning of others but through gentle encouragement and the knowledge that someone cares enough to read their response and even send it back, they have grown and write with a clarity, compassion and desire to minister to other students that they did not have when they first came. 

            The second change is that I have allowed one of my leaders to write the weekly devotionals.  This has given me direct one-on-one interaction with this leader as I proof-read her work and built it together with her.  Her writing has increased two-fold in its effectiveness and students even write back and say how much they grew through her ministry.  In this way I see myself walking with her and with the students that we respond to.  This is in essence the focus of my paper, the more we walk with the students we seek to disciple the greater amount of discipleship we will have in their life.  The students who simply receive their weekly email are helped but not as deeply as the ones who interact with other students and certainly not as much as those who rise up as leaders.

I am currently in the process of planning the next version of the web site based on that premise which is summarized in the following image.  The front page will begin with a single walking person going across the screen.  The words will come up, “Do you feel alone in your walk with God?”  Then lots of other little walking people will come from all over the screen representing every part of the world, they will form together to make a cross for it is around Christ that we grow, then they will go out and form what looks like the Earth as a symbol of transforming our planet.  This image, as I will show in the following sections, is the pattern of Biblical discipleship – come together as the Community under Jesus, rub off on each other, then go out to bring others in. 

This is not the only meeting place where the Community under Jesus meets for all around the world Christians get together in Churches, Classes and Care Groups and they do this through face-to-face encounters, books, TV and now the Internet.  What Authentic Walk Ministries offers is another place in combination with the ones mentioned above where Christians will meet for a time, grow, and then move on to the next.  It is a trail where the two paths of Christians meet for a series of steps as they travel on their long journey with God.

 

Part II: A Biblical Model of Discipleship

Stage 1: Getting into the Boat

One day as Jesus was standing by the Lake of Gennesaret, with the people crowding around him and listening to the word of God, he saw at the water’s edge two boats, left there by the fisherman, who were washing their nets.  He got into one of the boats, the one belonging to Simon, and asked him to put out a little from the shore. – Luke 5:1-3a

            The first question is: “Who is the discipler?”  It was Jesus who initiated this relationship with Simon Peter and it was Jesus who was the teacher.  Of course the word “discipler” is used much more broadly and can refer to a person who is helping another grow spiritually (be it through a meeting, a class, a book or a web-page).  Christians are even told to “Go and make disciples” (Mt 28:19) which really is just one disciple bringing a new disciple to Jesus (ex. Jn 1:41-22).  However, Jesus is the only one who has mastered the content to be learnt, He is the only one who stays with a person for their whole life, and He is the only one who knows the person completely and has a complete plan for their spiritual growth.   What we often call “Disciplers” are really just fellow travelers that Jesus brings alongside for a moment to bring part of the curriculum – in short, walking companions – it is Jesus who is the real Discipler.

            The second question is: “How can Jesus Disciple someone when He no longer lives on Earth?”  It was easy for Simon Peter to be discipled by Jesus because Jesus literally walking into his boat (his life) and began to rub off on him as they interacted.   But despite physical appearance Jesus never left Peter for He promised “I am with you always, to the very end of the age.” (Mt 28:20b)  Jesus explains how He does this,

The Counselor, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you all things and will remind you of everything I have said to you…It is for your good that I am going away.  Unless I go away, the Counselor will not come to you; but if I go, I will send him to you…when he, the Spirit of truth, comes, he will guide you into all truth.  He will not speak on his own; he will speak only what he hears…He will bring glory to me by taking from what is mine and making it known to you.” (Jn 14:26; 16:7,13-14)

If Jesus were to stay physically on the Earth He could have only been in one place at a time but now that He is in Heaven He has sent His Spirit to live within every Christian.  Through this Spirit Christians are directly connected to Jesus.

            At the heart of discipleship is community[1].   It begins with an invitation to “Follow me” which preceding all the deeper meanings of being committed and learning it has to do with simply putting down what one is currently doing and starting to walk with Jesus.  So for three years Peter and eleven others walked with Jesus!  It was not all about teaching but about eating together, working together and just being together, they were a community.  When Jesus left they continued to invite others to walk with Jesus.  Now two millennium later people from all over the world are walking with Jesus as one community. 

Some people argue with me and say one cannot disciple over the Internet because it is not personal community (by that they mean it lacks face-to-face contact and so is somehow sub-human, not real, synthetic or fake).  To answer this I argue that Christians, greater than any other group, believe in the reality of one global community who although they have not seen each other physically are bound together by the common tie of the Holy Spirit who connects them to the source they hold in common – Jesus!   Christians in North America already have community with Christians in Africa through Christ -- the Internet just provides a way for them to talk.[2] 

            Of course, if the Internet was the only way a person was being discipled they would be disadvantaged just as they would be disadvantaged if they only had any other one method of expressing community.   Steve Woolgar’s and his team of researchers on the impact of technology discovered that “Virtual technologies supplement rather than substitute for real activities”  For instance when email became popular people began to dream of a “paperless office”  the reality however is both the old and the new ways become merged into a new way (ex. Leaving a memo on your bosses desk to let him know you sent an email).[3]  Another principle that his team discovered was that “The more virtual the more real”[4] so the more a person receives nourishment online the more they can give back into their ‘real’ life.  It is not a matter of walking on just one of these paths, be it an Internet Ministry, Church Service, or Care Group, but to go back and forth on several paths for our whole life, intersecting with other Christians who help us walk better with the Jesus we love.  The Central principle to this is that God, in His curriculum for everyone’s custom growth, has appointed many people to use many ways to do this.  “It was he [Jesus] who gave some to be apostles, some to be prophets, some to be evangelists, and some to be pastors and teachers, to prepare God’s people for works of service, so that the body of Christ may be built up” (Eph 4:11-12)  So at times one will go to Church, or join a community of scholars through books, or attend a youth conference whom they will never see again or join a web community whom they may never meet, all of these are good and together they form the journey of a disciple with Jesus. 

            When Alexander Bell invented the telephone he thought its primary purpose would be to deliver news reports and symphonies to the people.  Only later when presented with undeniable evidence was he convinced that it primary going to be used to help people communicate with each other.[5]  Similarly, many people approach the web as if it was “an Information Super-Highway” alone but from the time Universities connected to each other to share information they quickly learnt it was a way to connect with each other.  For example if they changed the name of their files they could “chat” online  (“Hi_How_are_you.txt” becomes “I_am_doing_fine.txt”).  The Internet, is not so much about documents but how they are linked together, that is the revolution of the hyperlink.  “And, most important, the Web is binding not just pages but us human beings in new ways.  We are the true ‘small pieces’ of the Web, and we are loosely joining ourselves in ways that we’re still inventing.”[6] Among many things, the Internet is primarily about connecting people through a giant inter-global community and there is no inter-global community as large as the Church which needs to be connected.

 

Stage 2: Putting Out to Sea

When he had finished speaking, he said to Simon, "Put out into deep water, and let down the nets for a catch."  Simon answered, "Master, we've worked hard all night and haven't caught anything. But because you say so, I will let down the nets." When they had done so, they caught such a large number of fish that their nets began to break. So they signaled their partners in the other boat to come and help them, and they came and filled both boats so full that they began to sink. When Simon Peter saw this, he fell at Jesus' knees and said, "Go away from me, Lord; I am a sinful man!" – Luke 5:4-8

At the heart of discipleship is a community that journeys together with the great teacher Jesus and learns along the way.  Simply subscribing to a community is not discipleship but rather being part of a community that walks with Jesus.  It is putting out to sea with Jesus and standing in awe of whom we are beginning to see Him as.  In all my searches I have never found a discipleship pill which I can give away and people will instantly be transformed, instead discipleship takes place over time as God uses me and others to reveal Jesus to these people.  Discipleship is about rubbing off on each other.

This was the essence of His training program – just letting His disciples follow Him. When one stops to think of it, this was an incredibly simple way of doing it.  Jesus had no formal school, no seminaries, no outlines course of study, no periodic membership classes in which He enrolled His followers.  None of these highly organized procedures considered so necessary today entered at all into His ministry. Amazing as it may seem, all Jesus did to teach these men His way was to draw them close to Himself.  He was His own school and curriculum.”[7]

During this time they learnt from each other as they rowed together in the presence of Jesus.  For instance, at one point as they traveled a storm developed and the waves began to sweep over the boat.  In their worry they woke Jesus who simply replied, “You of little faith, why are you so afraid?” and rebuked the wind and waves and it was completely calm.  Of course they asked themselves, “What kind of man is this?”  (Mt 8:23-27) and that is the point for through their journeys they were learning that Jesus is the kind of person that you can trust no matter what happens.  That is the kind of thing you can only learn by being with someone!

So they walked along the streets and rubbed off on each other, “Who do you think is the greatest among us” they asked for isn’t it normal for a community to argue and even struggle together? And out of such struggle Jesus came and picked up a child and taught them what it means to be the least and the greatest. (Mark 9:33-37)

And Christians still do this today.  We get together in places called Churches and we learn how to walk together.   We pile our kids onto buses and send them on mission trips not so much to change the world but to teach them they can make a difference, to show them the Church is bigger than our small town, and so they can smell the person beside them on the bus and learn to love each other.  We get our adults together in a care group where they wrestle with the Scriptures and with daily life, they support each other and help each other find Jesus in their life today.  This concept of a community that walk together is summarized by the revolution of coffee – this simple act of spending time together and sharing the joys and sorrows of life then  subtly leaving a deeper person.

The Internet is not all that much different.  People come together from all around the world, they share ideas, they argue, they laugh, chat and grow.  Is it possible to be discipled online?  That is one of the questions I was asking myself as I sat down to write this paper so I wrote my students and asked them how Jesus has used the Internet in their lives, here are some of their responses,

About 5 years ago I answered a personal ad on Crosswalk.com and e-met Remo.  Remo and his mother, Iris run the "Reaching Hand Society" in the state of Orissa in India.  He tells me of their struggles with Hinduism, witchdoctors, and true persecution because they - as Christians - are a hated minority.  I tell him about the neighborhood children around our church that I work with - and the problems of abuse, drugs, neglect, and hopelessness.  I don't ever talk about persecution because hearing about what Christians go through in India has taught me that being called "holier-than-thou" at work simply doesn't count.  We share our victories and our joys.  Through my friendship with Remo I have learned that our cultures are different, the way we worship is different, the way we look is different - but our God is the same. – Valerie

The Internet has been an absolute life line to me spiritually.  I have found so many Christian resources here.  I am learning continually from your e-mail bible study and from the online bible study by Dr. Charles Stanley.  I also download and listen to lots of sermons, but of course, doing the Bible studies, makes you think, so are complementary to the sermons and encourage you to participate, to think and to study, not just to listen.…The internet has brought me into fellowship with other Christians from all over the world that I would otherwise never have met, and of course we encourage each other.  It is wonderful. So yes, the internet is a very big part of my Christian life, and of course, I am able to order Bibles and Christian books online too, which they don't stock in my local bookshop here in Lincoln,  England (its a very small shop) compared to the American one.
Thank you for your ministry, and others like them, you are a blessing to so many people,  more than you can know. - Patricia

I have friends all over the world that I connect with regularly (at least once a month) many whom I have never met in person.  They know that I pray for them and are real people to me.   I care for them like I care for my friends that I see every week in church or go out for tea with in the evening.  I often write to my friends and I type my prayers right into the notes I write to them. – Betty, Authentic Walk Leader and Mentor for powertochange.com

However I can say that I am amazed at the quantity and quality of Christian resources on the Internet – a place often thought of as the devils territory! – Gemma

It's really amazing because I have a whole library at my finger tips. History, commentaries, bible versions, you can even find Christian classic books in pdf version. – Annointed

I am retired now, and loving it… With Authentic Ministries Online Discipleship, I have the time to relearn who I am, what the Word is about and to learn anew what I once cherished.  Getting to better know both God and Jesus. …bring me back to the way I once believed as a young person, and for me that is a Godsend! – Terry

The Internet offers three contributions to the Christian community that other forms do not offer as easily.  The first is that it brings Christians together from all around the world and thus helps them see beyond their cultural assumptions.  The second is that allows for students to share their deepest struggles in a place where they can be anonymous.   Finally it allows Christians with any number of interests, questions, and personality types to find others like themselves whom they may never find in their tiny city of a 100,000.

More and more people seem to be searching for community these days, both on the Net and in the offline world.  At the same time, community – in the sense of a ‘place’, real or virtual, where one can find fellowship and a sense of belonging -- is becoming harder to find.... In all of these virtual communities, kids are baring their souls.  Discussions that would make a youth pastor cringe are frequent on Christian youth forums.  Kids who feel like outcasts in their schools find solace on the Net.”[8]

I have argued that Internet provides one more way for disciples to intersect paths and grow but what are some of the ways they do this?   A common method is to allow students to write their one response to what they are reading.  In this way the web site owner becomes a tour guide that starts the students down a path but as they go they get to talk about it and share ideas. 

Another method is to allow for chat.  A very effective site that uses chat well is called PowerToChange.com which received 652,471 visitors in September 2003 from 167 countries and led 1,014 people to Christ[9].  One of their primary methods is to invite people to their page to learn about issues they are concerned about and then sending them into a chat room to engage with other Christians.  Sometimes they even host an hour of prayer where a moderator will guide the guests (Christian and non) through a process of taking prayer requests and then taking turns praying for them. 

A third method is seen in a new trend called “Blogging” where anyone can write their journal online and others can read it and get to know them.  Trinity Western University is incorporating a strategy similar to that by allowing all their students to have their own web page where they can share news about their lives, events, photos and interesting web pages.  Students can then subscribe to their friends page and get updates on it.[10]   Pratt and Puloff (leaders in online education) write about the need for such Community Pages,

[The] need for social connection is a goal that almost supersedes the content-oriented goals for the course.  Students need to gather in cyberspace, just as they do on the campus of a university.  To accomplish this, they need to establish a sense of presence online; that allows their personality to come through to others in the group.  This may create a sense of freedom, allowing otherwise unexplored parts of their personality to emerge.[11]

A fourth method is an even newer technology called “Wiki Wiki” which is Hawaiian for “Quick Quick”  and it allows one person to start an article and then anyone else to come along and edit it.[12]  Its initial application is a Worldwide Encyclopedia but if it was applied to a Community of Discipleship then each member could have a role in forming a guide to Christian growth thus increasing both ownership and breadth of thought. 

 

Stage 3: Stepping Back on Land

Then Jesus said to Simon, "Don't be afraid; from now on you will catch men." So they pulled their boats up on shore, left everything and followed him. – Luke 5:11

Boats are only meant for part of the journey!  In this model a boat symbolizes a place where disciples get together and help each other grow closer to God.  For instance, every week Christians go to Church, learn together, then go back and minister to the world.  The same is true for Youth Conferences, Books, and even Web Pages.  Jesus brings them into people’s lives for a time because that is part of His curriculum.   

During the time when Jesus was on Earth His disciples watched Him as He healed people and preached the good news.  In private they got around and talked about it then Jesus sent them off to do the same (Mt 10:1)  They were not transformed over night but after three years Jesus said to them, “Go into all the world and make disciples…” (Mt 28:19)  Their three years together could be summarized as “Get together”, “Grow together”, then “Go into all the world”.

This is the same strategy that I used in my youth group.  I found twelve young people who wanted to grow and I made a team.  We spent time together watching movies, planning youth events and going for soda’s at McDonald’s.  They watched with joy when over 200 of their peers came to thirty hour famine and they each had a part.  We saw each other struggle and we prayed for each other.  Over time they started to dream and I tried to release their dreams and make it happen.  When I left that Church they kept the youth ministry running with their kids programs, skate nights and fellowships.  The reason for their success is that I believed in them and sent them back into their world one step at a time in order to transform it.

I try to do the same on the Internet.  For some reason God has brought the students to this web page as part of His curriculum for their lives.  For a moment our paths intersect and I get to grow with them.  The goal is to build a community where people walk together for a time, are challenged, and leave knowing the Jesus they walk with better.  Currently I do this by responding to their posts and encouraging them in what they are doing, through the lessons I challenge them to put the material into practice, then I invite them to become leaders.  Based on the testimonies I received from my students (see above) Authentic Walk Ministries is having an effect on their life; however, Authentic Walk itself is still on a journey of expressing Christ’s Community.  In order to enhance Community I need to give the students more opportunities to be involved (so we can walk together instead of just having them follow behind); specifically, every student needs to have a place where they can write their own devotionals, respond to each others questions and increasingly grow in their online ministry (by giving them opportunities to teach, moderate, develop resources and position in Authentic Walk Ministries).   Since this, like all other discipleship ministries, is only a supplement there needs to be different levels of commitment (just receiving emails, anonymous reader of articles, active respondent, moderator, and leader).  The biggest change however will be the presentation of what it means to be part of this sub-community; whereas before it was helping oneself to articles, now it will be coming together to help each other grow closer to God.  This will be expressed through the new image (explained above) of a many walking people coming together around the cross then going out to change the world and lived out through increased emphasis on discussion, contribution and becoming a leader.

 

Conclusion

Discipleship happens when two or more Christians walk together for a time, grow from each other, and then go along their way on their lifelong journey with Jesus.  The common bond between them is not a Church, or a book or a Web Page but Jesus.  He is the great discipler who has a custom plan for each of His disciples.  Every Christian has been invited to join a great Community of followers of Jesus who help each other along the way.  The Internet is provides a powerful way for Christians to connect from all around the world and point each other to Jesus.  The emphasis of online discipleship is not to get people to read content but to walk beside others who are walking with Jesus and to let that relationship rub off on them.

 

Bibliography

 

Careaga, Andrew. eMinistry: Connecting with the Net Generation. Grand Rapids, Kregel, 2001.

 

Chenault, Brittney, “Developing Personal and Emotional Relationships Via Computer – Mediated Communication”, May 1998. http://www.december.com/cmc/mag/ 1998/may/chenault.html

 

Gaillardetz, Richard R. Transforming our Days: Spirituality, Community and Liturgy in a Technological Culture. New York: A Crossroads Books, 2000.

 

Grenz, Stanley and Leighton Ford. Created for Community: Connecting Christian Belief With Christian Living.  Baker Book House, 1998.

 

Hagel, John III and Arthur G. Armstrong. Net.gain: Expanding Markets Through Virtual Communities. Boston, Massachusetts: Harvard Business School Press, 1997.

 

Hanks, Billie Jr. and William A. Shell. Discipleship: The Best Writings from the Most Experienced Disciple Makers. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House, 1981.

 

LaRue, John Jr. “The Internet: Blessing or Curse for Pastors.” Your Church. (Mar/Apr 2001),  http://www.christianitytoday.com/yc/2001/002/18.88.html.

 

Neuharuser, Peg and Ray Bender, Kirk Stromberg. Culture.com: Building Corporate Culture in the Connected Workplace. Toronto: John Wiley & Sons Canada, LTD., 2000.

 

Rheingold, Howard. Smart Mobs the Next Social Revolution: Transforming Cultures and Communities in the age of Instant Access. Cambridge, MA: Perseus Books Group, 2002.

 

Palloff, Rena M and Keith Pratt. Building Learning Communities in Cyberspace. San Franciso, Jossey-Bass Publishers, 1999.

 

Priebe, Chris. “History of Authentic Walk” <http://www.authenticwalk.com/ FAQItem.php?art=392&c=&id=12> indexed on Nov 23, 2003.

 

Weinberger, David. Small Pieces Loosely Joined. Cambridge, MA: Perseus Books Group, 2002.

 

Wellman, Barry and Caroline Haythornthwaite, eds. The Internet in Everyday Life. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers Ltd, 2002.

 

Woolgar, Steve ed. Virtual Society? Technology, Cyberbole, Reality. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.

 

Zizioulas, John D. Being as Communion. Crestwood, NY: ST Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 1993.

 

All Scriptures taken from the NIV version of the Bible.

 



[1] John Zizioulas makes the point that the very nature of God is “Community” and he disagrees with Descarte who said, “I think therefore I am” instead ontology is, “I relate, therefore I am” (where God the Father is the central object from which all relate to)  If his findings are correct then the concept of community is not secondary but primary to our existence.  See John D. Zizioulas, D. Being as Communion (Crestwood, NY: ST Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 1993).

[2] For example, pastors use the Internet to keep connected to each other and their Church. 80% of pastors email other pastors  “They also e-mail congregation members (62%), missionaries (56%), church leaders (53%), and visitors (38%)”. http://www.christianitytoday.com/yc/2001/002/18.88.html.

[3] Steve Woolgar, “Five Rules of Virtuality,” chap. in Virtual Society? Technology, Cyberbole, Reality. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2002), 16.

 

[4] Woolgar, 17.

[5] John Hagel III and Arthur G. Armstrong, Net.gain: Expanding Markets Through Virtual Communities ( Boston, Massachusetts: Harvard Business School Press, 1997), 3.

[6] David Weinberger, Small Pieces Loosely Joined (Cambridge, MA: Perseus Books Group, 2002), x.

[7] Robert Coleman, “The Master Plan of Discipleship,” in Discipleship: The Best Writtings from the Most Experienced Disciple Makers, ed. Billie Hanks, Jr. and William A. Shell (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan Publishing House), 57.

[8] Andrew Careaga, eMinistry: Connecting with the Net Generation. (Grand Rapids, Kregel, 2001), 127-130.

[9] Truth Media Internet Group, “Stats and Stories September 2003”.  Campus Crusade for Christ Canada.  SEP 03 General Stats Page.pdf (Private Email)

[10] See http://www.mytwu.ca

[11]Rena M Palloff and Keith Pratt, Building Learning Communities in Cyberspace. (San Franciso, Jossey-Bass Publishers, 1999), 11.

[12] See http://en.wikipedia.org/ which started in 2001 and is now working on 175,491 articles.

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